Sexually transmitted infections (STI) or venereal disease is a worldwide health issue affecting millions of men and women every year. While most patients present to a primary care physician, urologists may play an integral role in the evaluation and diagnosis of STI. Occasionally the male patient might only present to the urologist as a self-referral or might have an STI discovered as a secondary issue while evaluating another unrelated urologic issue, for example hematuria. Urologic consultation may be requested for treatment as in the case of excision of genital warts (HPV). Additionally, urologic patients may have existing short or long-term STIs that are being managed and require special attention to medication side effects, such as immunosuppression, that may affect urologic outcomes. The significance of STI has been identified by the AUA: Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIS).
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