The prevalence in stone disease has increased over the last two decades to afflict nearly 9% of the U.S. population.1 While prevention is the cornerstone of patient management, when patients do present with symptomatic urolithiasis they require appropriate surgical management. Constant improvement in endoscopic technology has led to a change in the recommended management for stone disease. Therefore, this Core Curriculum will discuss the surgical management of urolithiasis, from the initial diagnosis of an acute stone event to surgical management in the patient requiring intervention.
1.1 Key words
Shock wave lithotripsy, Ureteroscopy, Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy
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