Medical management of kidney stones involves the initiation of dietary measures and in some cases medications to reduce the risk of stone recurrence in recurrent, high-risk first-time, or interested stone formers. The basis for recommendations may be empiric or based on stone composition and/or underlying pathophysiologic risk factors. Often medical management is guided by the results of 24 hour urine analyses evaluating for kidney stone forming risk factors.
1.1 Key words
nephrolithiasis, calcium oxalate, potassium citrate, thiazide, allopurinol, uric acid stones, cystine stones
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