Urinary tract infection (UTI) refers to inflammatory changes in the urinary tract caused by the presence of an infectious agent. The spectrum of severity may range from a local infection of urinary tract with minor lower urinary tract symptoms to a severe infection with systemic changes and urosepsis. UTI is a common condition in the pediatric population and we will review important concepts including risk factors, evaluation and treatment options related to pediatric UTI. (see Urology Care Foundation: UTIs in Children)
1.1 Key words
Urinary tract infection (UTI), voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG), renal bladder ultrasound (RBUS), urinalysis, urine culture, antibiogram
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