Conditions leading to impaired male fertility potential can often be successfully treated with surgical intervention. Significant advances in operative techniques and assisted reproductive technology have resulted in important opportunities for urologists to advance the reproductive health of infertile couples.
The surgical management of male infertility can be organized into (i) diagnostic procedures, (ii) procedures that optimize spermatogenesis, (iii) procedures that improve sperm delivery, and (iv) sperm retrieval procedures.1
1.1 Key Words
azoospermia, epididymis, epididymovasostomy, MESA, micro-TESE, PESA, sperm, TESA, TESE, testicle, varicocele, varicocelectomy, vasovasostomy
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